Wildlife in Zanzibar
At Zanzibar, wildlife enthusiasts are in for a treat. Home to a variety of small animals, birds, and butterflies, coupled with gorgeous scenery, a trip to this quaint place is sure to be one that will not disappoint any nature lover!
Read on to find out about a few places that you can add to your must-visit list when you make your way over to Zanzibar.
Jozani Chwaka Bay National Park
The Jozani Chwaka Bay National Park is the only national park that is native to Zanzibar. Spread over a vast area of 19 square miles, it is located in the island of Unguja. What makes this National Park famous is the Zanzibar Red Colobus - a monkey species, which is believed to be endangered. It is today adopted for conservation in the region. Other species found here are the Sykes' Monkey, bush babies, and over 40 different types of butterflies and birds.
Ngezi Forest Reserve
Established in 1959, the Ngezi Forest Reserve is located on the northwestern tip of Pemba Island. Consisting of high, closed forests, it extends right up to the beach at Vumawimbi. It is home to a variety of endemic plant species, while also playing host to 27 different recorded types of birds. Among the endemic bird species are the Palm-nut Vulture, the Scops Owl, the Malachite Kingfisher, and the African Goshawk.
Kiwengwa/Pongwe Forest Reserve
The Kiwengwa/Pongwe Forest Reserve is located about 12 miles from Zanzibar Town, on the northeastern coast of Unguja. Known for being a rich spot for biodiversity, it is home to over 47 different bird species and over a 100 plant species, many of which have medicinal qualities. The reserve also contains coral caves, which are a major tourist attraction. For those interested, there is a spice plantation nearby that is definitely worth a visit.
Situated about 3 miles to the north of the iconic Stone Town, Changuu Island carries with it tales of a sordid past. Named after the Swahili name of a fish found commonly around the area, the island was initially used as a prison for African slave traders. The present day outlook of the island paints a completely different picture, with the scenic region being well-known for housing a sanctuary of endangered giant tortoises.